This catalogue accompanies the exhibition of the same name presented in Rome at the Parco archeologico del Colosseo from 27 September 2019 to 29 March 2020. It is the most complete and up-to-date ever to deal with Phoenician-Punic civilization, its expansion across the Mediterranean and relations with Rome. Fully illustrated in colour, with brief and accurate texts, the catalogue retraces the sections of the exhibition, from navigation to urban planning, from funeral rites to jewels, narrating the birth and the long historical parabola of a splendid and powerful city. The events of Carthage and Rome, closely entwined, constitute a long narrative path that unfolds from the foundation of the Phoenician East passing through the history of the city and its inhabitants, expansion across the Mediterranean and the wealth of commercial and cultural exchanges in the phase that goes from the Punic wars to the Augustan age, until the complexity of the process of Romanisation that led Rome, in 241 BC, to annihilate what by that time was regarded as a very problematic entity. Then follows the refoundation of the new colony of Iulia Concordia Carthago, with spectacular buildings and luxurious private homes, famous everywhere for the richness of their polychrome mosaics, some of which are on display. Finally we have an account of nascent Christianity, of which Carthage later became a driving force, and the volume closes with an appendix on the rediscovery of the city in the light of the modern and contemporary imagination.